The Greatest Investors
Berikut ini adalah profil singkat dari beberapa investor dan trader professional dunia termasuk salah satunya adalah George Soros. Para analis keuangan memperkirakan pendapatan soros $4000/menit.
Becoming a successful investor takes education, patience and maybe even a little luck. But investing other people's money is an entirely different ball game. Money managers rely on hard work, intelligence and discipline to recognize opportunities other professionals may have missed.
Historically, the market has returned a solid 12% per year on average. The seven icons below represent the pinnacle of the financial world. Each one has dramatically exceeded market performance. They have all made a fortune off their success but, more importantly, so have the millions of people who invested with them.
1. John (Jack) Bogle
Born : Montclair, New Jersey in 1929
Employer : Founder and Chairman of The Vanguard Group
Most Famous For : Often referred to as the father of index fund investing, he's the creator of the first S&P 500 index fund.
Less Celebrated For: Admits that mutual funds "haven't been up front with investors - top fund performance has always been followed by mediocre returns".
Quote: "If you have trouble imagining a 20% loss in the stock market, you shouldn't be in stocks."
Bogle is considered a pioneer in the mutual fund industry. He introduced the first S&P 500 index fund ever - the Vanguard 500 Index - which debuted in 1976. On countless occasions, he has stated that investors shouldn't be so worried about trying to beat the markets and should join the markets instead. His index funds were characterized as low cost and low maintenance and allowed several millions of investors to participate in the greatest bull market ever. He rejects "today's emphasis on witchcraft and mystery" in investing, and supports a "back to basics" strategy. In his opinion, these are the investment principles which have proven to be successful for over 75 years.
2. Warren Buffet
Born : Omaha, Nebraska in 1930
Employer : Berkshire Hathaway Chairman
Most Famous For : A $10,000 investment into Berkshire Hathaway when Buffett took control in 1965 would be worth over $50 million today. By comparison, $10,000 in the S&P 500 would have grown to only $500,000.
Less Celebrated For: Buffett is considered by many to be a real Scrooge (in fact his personalized license plate reads, "Thrifty"). Reportedly he is only going to bequeath around $3 to $4 million to each of his children, despite his $40+ billion net worth. However, he does so with good intentions and plans on leaving the vast majority of his fortune to charitable causes.
Quote: "If past history was all there was to the game, the richest people would be librarians."
Of Interest: Ever wondered exactly where Mr Buffett is Investing?
Also known as "The Oracle of Omaha," many people consider Buffett the greatest investor ever. Even with all the success and accolades, he still lives in the house he bought for $31,500 over 40 years ago. What's most intriguing about Buffett is that he is one of the few extremely rich people who has amassed wealth solely through investing in stocks. His investment strategy of discipline, patience and value consistently outperforms the market and his moves are followed by thousands of investors worldwide.
He is also famous for not joining the infamous tech/Internet stock rally in the late 1990s, stating that he refuses to invest in companies that he can't visualize 10 years down the road.
Great Buffet Quotes"
Rule No.1: Never lose money.
Rule No.2: Never forget rule No.1."
"Someone's sitting in the shade today because someone planted a tree a long time ago."
"Wall Street is the only place that people ride to in a Rolls Royce to get advice from those who take the subway."
"Risk comes from not knowing what you're doing."
3. Peter Lynch
Born : United States in 1944
Employer : Former Fidelity fund manager, today he is vice-chairman of Fidelity
Most Famous For : When he started managing the Fidelity Magellan Fund in 1978, it had assets of $20 million. When he retired in 1990, it had assets of $14 billion.
Less Celebrated For: Some people were none too pleased when Lynch, one of the greatest, retired at the tender age of 46.
Quote: "Go for a business that any idiot can run - because sooner or later, any idiot probably is going to run it."
Lynch is arguably the world's most famous mutual fund manager. Often described as a chameleon, he adapted to whatever investment style worked at the time (growth vs. value). He was one of the first to uncover hidden gems such as Dunkin' Donuts, Pier 1 Imports and Taco Bell. People began to criticize Lynch once his fund surpassed $1 billion in assets in the early 1980s, but the fund rose to $13 billion less than seven years later. He admits to taking plenty of risks while managing the Magellan Fund, but he never suffered a losing year.
According to Valueline, "a $10,000 investment into Magellan in 1978 and then adding $100 per month, would add up to over $1 million, in 20 years!" While at the helm of Magellan, Lynch achieved an average annual return of 29% a year.
4. Julian Robertson
Born : Salisbury, NC in 1933
Employer : Founder/Chairman, Tiger Management Corp.
Most Famous For : A titan of hedge fund investing, his funds today require a minimum investment of $5 million per person. He turned $8 million in 1980 into over $8 billion in the late 1990s.
Less Celebrated For: Remembered for losing $200 million in 1996 when a "bet" on U.S. Treasuries went wrong.
Quote: "[O]ur mandate is to find the 200 best companies in the world and invest in them, and find the 200 worst companies in the world and go short on them. If the 200 best don't do better than the 200 worst, you probably should get in another business."
At his peak, no one could beat him for sheer stock-picking acumen. Robertson was the "Wizard of Wall Street" and was paid well for it. In 1993, his compensation and share of Tiger's mammoth gain reportedly exceeded $300 million. His current estimated net worth is over $400 million. Robertson had the best hedge fund record throughout the 1980s and early '90s. The compound rate of return to his investors was 32%.
Because of the "irrational" technology stock craze, Robertson suffered large losses in the late 1990s. This ultimately led him to close his investment company and liquidate its $6 billion in investments - investments which had once reached a high of $26 billion.
5. Michael Steinhardt
Born : 1941Employer : Founder, Steinhardt Partners
Most Famous For : $1 invested with Steinhardt when he founded his firm in 1967 would be worth $462 today.
Less Celebrated For: Steinhardt didn't exactly go out with a bang. He ended his illustrious hedge fund career in 1995, a year after suffering big losses.
Quote: "In the 1950s and 1960s, the heroes were the long-term investors; today the heroes are the wise guys."
Like George Soros, Steinhardt made most of his fortune managing a hedge fund. Hedge funds tend to be risky propositions, especially because they are usually limited to about 100 investors with minimum stakes of $1 million. This is unlike a mutual fund, which accepts any investor, large or small. Hedge fund is synonymous with high risk and Steinhardt once stated: "our fund's risk factor can, at least in theory, vary from plus 200% to minus 200%." Steinhardt's fund produced an average annual return of 24%, netting him a personal fortune reportedly worth over $500 million.
Lately, Steinhardt has become a prominent philanthropist, giving away millions of dollars each year to various charities. He is also founder of the Jewish Life Network, which sponsors a number of major Jewish outreach initiatives and organizations.
6. George Soros
Born : Budapest in 1930
Employer : Founder of Soros Fund Management
Most Famous For : A highly respected currency speculator, he once shorted the British Pound for a one day gain in excess of $1 billion.
Less Celebrated For: Although not entirely responsible, Soros' comments on the Russian economy contributed to its stocks plunging 12% in the first hour of trading. Five days later, the currency had devalued 25%.
Quote : "It's not whether you're right or wrong that's important, but how much money you make when you're right and how much you lose when you're wrong."
Known as a hedge fund guru, Soros' expertise is mainly in currency speculation. He is principal investment advisor for the Quantum Fund, which is recognized for having the best performance record of any investment fund in the world over its 26-year history. If you invested $100,000 in 1969 when Soros established the Quantum Fund and reinvested all dividends, your investment would have been worth over $150 million by the spring of 1994. At one point, analysts estimated Soros was earning over $4000 a minute.
7. John Templeton
Born : Winchester, Tennessee in 1912
Employer : Founder of the Templeton Group
Most Famous For : Created some of the world's largest and most successful global investment funds using his independent investment strategy.
Less Celebrated For: More recently, his funds have failed to provide the astounding gains his followers were used to, partly due to the recent Asian recession.
Quote: "The time of maximum pessimism is the best time to buy and the time of maximum optimism is the best time to sell."
Templeton is a true pioneer of the global mutual fund industry. He has led the charge for teaching investors to explore the world for great investments. Investing overseas was virtually unheard of until investors caught on to Templeton's strategy. Today, the Templeton Group's combined assets exceed $25 billion.
Besides pioneering global investing, a great example of his independent investment strategy occurred in 1939. With the outbreak of war looming, a twentysomething Templeton bought every stock selling for under $1 per share on the major exchanges. Within four years, he had quadrupled his money.
Templeton is one of the strongest proponents of diversification. He once stated that "the only investors who shouldn't diversify are those who are right 100% of the time."Another one of Templeton's success stories is a man by the name of Leroy Paslay. He was one of Templeton's earliest investors, giving him $65,500 to invest in 1954. 40 years later, Paslay was worth over $37 million.
After making billions through his innovative approach to investing, he has now become one of the world's greatest philanthropists. In 1987, he founded the $1/4 billion John Templeton Foundation.
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